In the genetic code, each three nucleotides in a row count as a triplet and code for a single amino acid. Genetic code is the term we use for the way that the four bases of DNA--the A, C, G, and Ts--are strung together in a way that the cellular machinery, the ribosome, can read them and turn them into a protein. Viruses can steal our genetic code to create new human-virus genes. Genetic code, the sequence of nucleotides in deoxyribonucleic acid and ribonucleic acid that determines the amino acid sequence of proteins.Though the linear sequence of nucleotides in DNA contains the information for protein sequences, proteins are not made directly from DNA. That produces some redundancy in the code: most of the amino acids … Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain Like a scene out of … Function of Genetic Code. The genetic code allows cells to contain a mind-boggling amount of information. The genetic code is the set of rules by which information encoded in genetic material (DNA or RNA sequences) is translated into proteins (amino acid sequences) by living cells.
Consider this: a microscopic fertilized egg cell, following the instructions contained in its genetic code, can produce a human or elephant which even has similar personality and behaviors to those of its parents. The genetic code consists of 64 triplets of nucleotides.These triplets are called codons.With three exceptions, each codon encodes for one of the 20 amino acids used in the synthesis of proteins. Instead, a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule is synthesized from the DNA and directs the formation of the protein. by The Mount Sinai Hospital.