Environmental enrichment is the common practice for addressing the stereotype behavior among the animal in captivity. Sumatran Tiger Last of the Sunda Island Tigers. Similarly, figures in the report show that Riau's Sumatran tiger population has declined by 70% in 25 years, from 640 to 192 today. The Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) only inhabits the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. Many aspects of the Sumatran Tiger have evolved and adapted to the environment they inhabit. natural habitat routine even in the captivity and this may eventually prevent extinction of the Sumatran tigers. Image Courtesy Wikipedia. But experts believe the population of the Sumatran tiger is no more bigger than the estimate of the 1990s. Tiger Distribution. A WAZA Global Species Management Plan (GSMP) was established for the Sumatran tiger… Sumatran Tiger Critically Endangered in the wild, the Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is managed by five ex situ regional programmes – EAZA, ZAA, AZA, JAZA and PKBSI – with a total of 375 tigers held globally. These baseline FCM data provide valuable foundation for long-term monitoring of health and wellbeing of tigers, to allow for improvements in management and husbandry for Sumatran tigers (important members of Australia's on-going tiger captive breeding programme). Based on data from the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (2007), the current estimate of the tiger population in eight areas that had been identified from the existing 18 district only about 250 individual tigers, while in 10 other regions the have not been analyzed yet. Some adaptations are specific to the Sumatran Tiger and others are more general and many other tigers also share. Endangered Sumatran tiger triplets have been born at London zoo to the mother whose cub drowned in the multimillion pound tiger enclosure last year.. The distribution of tigers has gone through a series of environmental problems. Tigers can adapt to different types of environments which range from the Siberian taiga to open grasslands and tropical mangrove … HABITAT. / Image Courtesy Wikipedia. An example of a specific adaptation is their coats, slightly darker in colour and their stripes fading making their camouflage better than most other tigers. Majestic but increasingly vulnerable, Sumatran tigers are on the verge of extinction.A century ago, they roamed throughout the Sunda islands in western Indonesia.Today, only a small number on Sumatra Island remain.