Human expansion, and the destruction, fragmentation and degradation of the Borneo Pygmy Elephant habitats have been the biggest threats to their survival.

The African pygmy elephant, formerly described as "Loxodonta pumilio", is currently considered to be a tiny morph of the African forest elephant (L. cyclotis). The smallest elephant in Asia, the Borneo, or otherwise known as Pygmy, elephant is a rather charming and adorable creature. This officially increases the number of sub-species of the Asian elephant to four, along with Sri Lankan, Indian and Sumatran. The Borneo elephant (Elephas maximus borneensis), a well-documented variety of elephant, is also called "pygmy elephant. M.U.Leh, The Sarawak Museum Journal Vol LXIII No.84

This makes Sabah home to the world's smallest known sub-species of elephants. Pygmy elephants live in both Africa and Asia. This cute animal has a baby-like face, unusually large ears, plump belly and an extremely long tail, which occasionally drag on the ground while the animal walks.

The Borneo elephant is a sub-species of Asian elephant which includes the Indian elephant, the Sumatran elephant, the Sri-Lanka elephant and the Borneo elephant.The Borneo elephant is also known as the pygmy elephant as it is the smallest of the elephant sub-species.. As its name suggests, the Borneo elephant is found exclusively on the island of Borneo in the Malaysian … Compared to other Asian elephants, Borneo elephant is a more gentle-natured animal. As peaceful animals, human interference with Borneo’s environment has severely distressed the Borneo Pygmy Elephant and has seen their population drastically decline.

Due to their small size, gentle nature and relatively large ears, they have been dubbed “pygmy” elephants. Borneo Elephant. It was not until DNA testing took place that scientists realized that these animals were a separate wild population. The smallest in size of Asian elephant subspecies, the pygmy elephants of Borneo are baby-faced with oversized ears, plump bellies and tails so long they sometimes drag on the ground as they walk. Origins of the elephants Elephas maximus L. of Borneo, 2007, Earl of Cranbrook, J.Payne, Charles. Less than 1,500 Borneo Pygmy elephants (Elephas maximus borneensis) are found, mostly in the Malaysian state of Sabah. As a gift to the Sultan of Sulu, many speculated that the animals were shipped from Sumatra or Java and set free on Borneo Island during the elephant trade from the 16th to 18th centuries.

They are also more gentle-natured than their Asian elephant counterparts. This discovery highlights the conservation importance of Borneo’s elephants. Extinct Javan elephants may have been rediscovered – in Borneo [Wildlife Extra News Story] Satellite tracking of Borneo’s Pygmy Elephants, WWF and Sabah Wildlife Department, 2005-2006. There are estimated to be more than 3,500 Bornean pygmy elephants in Borneo, Malaysia, where they were confirmed as being a separate sub-species in September 2003, following DNA research funded by the World Wildlife Fund. The pygmy elephants of Borneo have always been a mystery to science.