It also has a chisel-like bill that looks a little too big for its body. A small nuthatch of the southeastern pine forests. Found in pairs or family groups all year, it is often heard before it is seen; the birds call to each other constantly as they busily clamber about on the branches. The back, nape, wings, and rump blue gray. The diet in winter may be nearly 70% seeds, but in summer it is mainly insects. The brown-headed nuthatch is only 4 ½ inches long. They are gray on the back, have a brown crown, and white face and throat, and are dull buff below. The distribution and life history of the brown-headed nuthatch (Sitta pusilla) in Tennessee. They lack the strong face pattern of the Red-breasted. MOMMAWHEATS Red-breasted nuthatch Suet . Whether you make your own or buy it, a suet block in a cage-like feeder is sure to lure in nuthatches. They are heavy feeders of spiders, cockroaches and beetle larvae in the summer and seeds in the winter. Brown-headed nuthatches eat insects and pine seeds. Diet. Brown-headed Nuthatch (Terry W. Johnson) By Terry W. Johnson In the not too distant past, humans were considered the only animals that used tools. Brown-headed Nuthatch Brown-headed Nuthatches are a bit smaller than Red-breasted Nuthatches. The Brown-headed nuthatch is a small nuthatch. More information: Bent Life History. It appears rather round thanks to its short tail, legs, and neck. Haney, J. They are one of the few birds that exhibit tool use to find food. 1981. Pygmy and Brown-headed Nuthatches are two of the few North America bird … It is often seen climbing headfirst down tree trunks. Brown-headed Nuthatches are limited to the pine forests of the southeastern states, and have declined in recent decades. Brown-headed Nuthatches are resident in the Southeastern lowland pine forests, from Virginia to Texas. Relationships between habitat and snag characteristics and the reproductive success of the brown-headed nuthatch (Sitta pusilla) in eastern Texas. Wing Shape. 2004. In winter, small groups of Brown-headed Nuthatches often join mixed foraging flocks including chickadees, woodpeckers, and Pine Warblers. It visits feeders where its favorite foods are sunflower seeds and suet. In hard times seeds and fruits may … This nuthatch is omnivorous, eating insects and seeds. Size: 10-11 cm (4-4 … The shape of a bird's wing is often an indication of its habits and behavior. Primary Breeding Diet: insects Habitat: forest . As reported by Morse (1968), Brown-headed Interesting Facts : Not much is known about nuthatch biology because they usually nest in trees as opposed to nestboxes. (Browse What Brown Headed Nuthatch Eat Their diet mostly comprises of insects and seeds.
Southeastern Naturalist, 3/4: 683-694.

The Brown-headed Nuthatch is the only bird in North America to regularly use a tool to obtain its food. A Pygmy Nuthatch’s diet switches from eating mostly insects and spiders in the summer to primarily eating seeds in the winter. They carry a loose piece of bark in their beak and use it to pry up other pieces of bark in search of insects and spiders underneath. The crown is brown and the underparts are whitish. Their diet consists chiefly of small insects and spiders gleaned from the trunks and branches of pines (Nesbitt and Hetrick 1976).

The majority of their diet is composed of small invertebrates, including insects and their larvae, spiders, and pseudoscorpions. Gary L. Slater, John D. Lloyd, James H. Withgott, and Kimberly G. Smith Version: 1.0 — Published March 4, 2020 Text last updated July 26, 2013

If you live in Southeastern pine forests, putting up a suet feeder may draw Brown-headed Nuthatches to your yard. In the winter months, when conifer seeds are sometimes scarce, red-breasted nuthatches will travel in search of food and will likely stop at feeders for a suet snack.