To sneeze, to smash, to cry, to shriek, to jump, to dunk, to read, to eat, to slurp —all of these are infinitives. advise allow ask beg bring build buy challenge: choose command dare direct encourage expect forbid force: have hire instruct invite lead leave let like: love motivate order pay permit persuade prepare promise: remind require send teach tell … 1. Verb patterns in English grammar tell us whether to use the infinitive or the gerund after certain words. fancy: I fancy seeing a film tonight. (NOT I hated went to school.) The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. Some verbs can be followed either by a gerund or by an infinitive and there is little or no difference in meaning between the two. She had a suggestion to offer. Gerunds and Infinitives with Verbs Part 1. enjoy: I enjoyed living in France. The Infinitive Recognize an infinitive when you see one. Sometimes it can be a group of words. -ing spelling You can check the spelling of the -ing form of the verbs in the table below. I like to ski. Infinite verbs are too frightening to even think about. (to) be, (to) have, (to) do.The gerund is the -ing form of a verb. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb.

This is a gerund. Verbs Followed by an Object and an Infinitive Everyone expected her to win. An infinitive will almost always begin with to followed by the simple form of the verb, like this: To + Verb = Infinitive. Here are some of the most common verbs that are usually followed by the gerund. She wants to study languages at university. What is Infinitive? An infinitive is a verb that functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb in order to express an opinion, purpose of an object or action, or answer the questions who, what, or why.. An infinitive usually begins with the word “to” and is followed by the base form of a verb (the simple form of the verb that you would find in the dictionary).. He had a unique way of whistling.. Find out more in the post ‘How to Use the –ing Form in English’. Jumping is fun.. Anyone who's taken Spanish should be thinking about –ar, –er, and –ir right now. Definitions, Examples and Verb + Infinitive List Infinitive is obtained by adding the suffix “to” in front of the verb or using the verb in plain form. It can be a single word. Verbs + to + infinitive Many verbs in English are followed by to + infinitive. 1 Using the infinitive. (noun; subject of the verb is) . The bare infinitive … The second verb is in the -ing form in the past too. The links lead to more detailed pages explaining the different uses and meanings of each verb.