Manage the captive population to maintain its present genetic variation and to provide horses for reintroduction and release programs. The Przewalski’s horse herd in Pentezug, in Eastern Hungary, represents the largest population of wild horses in the world. Fact: The Przewalski’s horse is the only truly wild horse in the world. These growth rates can become quite vigorous and may need to be stabilised. But half a century later the population of the wild horse was in catastrophic decline due to hunting and capture for European zoos. These horses ranged freely in wild populations well into the 20th century and are integral to a healthy steppe ecosystem. This Przewalski’s horse is the pure-blooded offspring of a population from the Altai Mountains and a direct descendent of the 54 animals used to save the subspecies. Przewalski’s horse, a native of Mongolia (see Figure 15.16), at one point extinct in the wild, is the closest living relative of the domestic horse, and as a result, its greatest lure for behavioral biologists comes from the insights it gives into the roots of domestic horse behavior.
In the Orenburg region the steppe plot of 16.5 thousand hectares has been selected for the reintroduction of the Przewalski's horse. Przewalski's horses are a rare horse native to the steppes of central Asia. The history of population estimates and trends in the Przewalski's Horse has been described by Wakefield et al. Today there are about 1,200 Przewalski's horses living in zoos, private preserves, and protected areas in Mongolia. In 2013, the first Przewalski’s horse born as … This includes a small population (numbering around 60 horses in 2014) found in the Chernobyl Exclusion Zone (the area surrounding the site of 1986’s catastrophic nuclear accident). AND THEN THERE WERE 13 The Przewalski’s horse and modern horses are believed to belong to the same species – Equus ferus.
Range use of the re-introduced Przewalski’s horse population increased gradually and pasture use was largely confined to the north-eastern corner of the protected area (Fig. Thirteen of those horses are the original ancestors of today's captive population. It became extinct in the wild having last been seen in Mongolia at the end of the 1960s but has since been reintroduced from captive bred stock. 3. Indeed the Przewalski’s horse could have been ended up like one of its relatives, the Eurasian wild horse. OBJECTIVES: 1. New zoo-bred horses continue to be introduced to the wild population, now located in four reserves in Mongolia and Kazahkstan, as well as the Kalameili Reserve in northern China. First described scientifically in the late 19th century by Russian explorer N. M. Przewalski, for whom the horse is named, the horse once freely roamed the steppe along the Mongolia-China border. Population. Przewalski's horse is a rare and endangered subspecies of the wild horse, Equus ferus.It is native to the steppes of central Asia, especially Mongolia.