These great apes prefer leaves and fruits including figs and jack fruit, but they also often eat bird eggs, small vertebrates, termites or ants. (Urticaceae). Apart from fruits, orangutans also consume other parts of plants such as young leaves and shoots, which constitute 25% of their diet.

Sumatra belongs to the country of Indonesia, and Borneo is shared by Indonesia and Malaysia.

Unfortunately, Orangutan populations have declined on both islands drastically over the last century. Orangutans are found on only two islands in the world: Borneo and Sumatra. Some of the most common fruits that the orangutans eat are ficus fruits since they are more accessible than other fruits and are easier to digest as well.

Orangutans are well known for being relatively solitary compared to the other great apes. What does an orangutan eat? Sumatran orangutans consume leaves more regularly than other members. Amazing Facts About the Sumatran Orangutan. Some of these do not even live in viable populations. Under extreme conditions, Sumatran orangutans prey on slow loris, crickets, ants, termites and birds' eggs. Sumatran and Tapanuli orangutans are found only on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. Orangutans have the most incredible memory and can identify over 400 different fruits and plants. Sumatran orangutans (Pongo abelii) are critically endangered, and there are only about 14,600 left. The orangutan eats tropical fruits and bark they also eat grubs they eat leaves and bird eggs and that is what the orangutan eats. The fact is that with the rainforest being depleted and with the effects of global warming there isn’t …

Sumatran orangutans are technically omnivores because they will eat plants and animals (specifically insects).

The orangutan diet is made up of bark, leaves, flowers, a variety of insects, and most importantly, over 300 kinds of fruit. They cup their hands to collect water for drinking. Orangutans are likely to eat leaves of stinging nettle such as Dendrocnide spp. Eating in the tree tops An orangutan's diet consists primarily of fruit but also includes leaves, bark, flowers and insects. Since they rely heavily on the surrounding forests for their survival, Sumatran orangutans are majorly affected by habitat loss. Their favourite fruit is durian. The rest of the time it is either playing, grooming, or sleeping. Termites and ants are also part of their diet and a source of protein, and to obtain minerals they sometimes eat soil. Although most of the liquid is taken from their food, they have been seen drinking also from water sources. Orangutans prefer eating fruits that have a fatty pulp.

Sumatran orangutan’s diet consists of epiphytic fungi, stems of climbers, aerial roots, leaf galls, and grass. They also eat young leaves, tree barks and flowers.

Orangutans are frugivores (fruit-eaters) and their food is highly patchy in the forest. Classified in the genus Pongo, orangutans were originally considered to be one species.From 1996, they were divided into two …
The orangutans (also spelled orang-utan, orangutang, or orang-utang) are great apes native to Indonesia and Malaysia.They are found in the rainforests of Borneo and Sumatra, but during the Pleistocene they ranged throughout Southeast Asia and South China. When fruit is not so available in dry seasons, Sumatran orangutans will eat vegetation such as young leaves, bark and flowers, and insects, particularly termites, ants, and crickets, and sometimes eggs. ; Generally, they prefer the lowland forest areas that are abundant in food, but some have been spotted hanging out in altitudes higher than 1,000 meters above sea level. If there are not many trees fruiting, it’s in an orangutan’s best interests to visit them on its […] An orangutan will spend about 7 hours of its time each day consuming some time of food.

Mothers teach their babies what food to eat, in which trees to find it … Their diet generally consists of vegetarian items and insects. The International Union for Conservation of Nature lists Sumatran orangutans as critically endangered. On Sumatra, the orangutan’s main predators, or natural enemies, are tigers and leopards. They eat the leaves of stinging nettles such as Dendrocnide spp. Their diet is composed of 5 – 25% of leaves.


The Sumatran Orangutan, one of two Orangutan subspecies, is now found only in the dense, tropical northern forests of the Indonesian island of Sumatra.

Apart from fruits and leaves, orangutans also rely on aerial roots, leaf galls, epiphytic fungi, grass, orchids, stems of climbers, for their consumption. The wild Sumatran orangutan population can be found in just one province of the northern tip of Sumatra where they live in the humid, dense tropical rain forests. (Urticaceae). Thank you for reading this information. Behaviour Sumatran orangutan behavioural characteristics Do orangutans live in groups? They avoid eating leaves with their lips because stinging nettles could hurt them badly.