purely philosophical and literary in nature would have to admit that Socrates' Xenophon portrays himself as having had conversations with Socrates (Mem. Plato and Xenophon had similar goals: rehabilitating the reputation of Socrates, but with respect to Alcibiades, they pursued radically different strategies to achieve that end. Apologizing for Socrates : how Plato and Xenophon created our Socrates. He is best known as the mercenary general who wrote The Anabasis, which relates his adventures in leading his men out of Persia and back to Greece after the disastrous campaign of Cyrus the Younger. Socrates - Socrates - Socrates versus Plato: We can conclude that Plato was not blind to the civic and religious dangers created by Socrates. Gabriel Danzig, PhD (1997) Hebrew University, Senior Lecturer at Bar Ilan University. Xenophon (430-354 BCE) was an early disciple of Socrates and a contemporary of Plato. Plato and Xenophon are the two students of Socrates whose works have come down to us in their entirety. Part of what makes his Apology so complex and gripping is that it is not a one-sided encomium that conceals the features of the Socratic way of life that lay behind the anxiety and resentment felt by many of his fellow citizens. 8 1-8. Strictly speaking, the term refers to works in which Socrates is a character. Socrates - Socrates - Socrates versus Plato: We can conclude that Plato was not blind to the civic and religious dangers created by Socrates. In Plato's dialogues he portrays Socrates as a soldier who served in the Athenian army and fought in the battles of Potidaea, Amphipolis, and Delium. Xenophon’s portrait is the only one other than Plato’s to survive, and while it offers a very personal interpretation of Socratic thought, it also reveals much about. Both Plato and Xenophon wrote an Apology concerning the death of Socrates. Provides an edition suitable for students of Plato and Xenophon's accounts of how Socrates, on trial for his life, defended himself and his philosophy. This is evident throughout the Memorabilia where Socrates takes the initiative on various subjects with a number of acquaintances, challenging some of their attitudes and practices. [Gabriel Danzig] -- Apologizing for Socrates places some of the Platonic and Xenophontic writings in the context of contemporary controversies over Socrates, providing a perspective in … As Socrates did not write down any of his teachings, secondary sources provide the only information on his life and thought. According to some scholars, his philosophical skills made him far better able than Xenophon was to understand Socrates and therefore more valuable a source of information about him. Their presentations diverge particularly on the nature of Alcibiades’ relationship with his teacher. Of these only the extensive works of Xenophon and Plato remain intact. While Socrates did not leave any writings, his followers Xenophon and Plato both wrote extensively about Socrates 's beliefs and experiences. Xenophon's Socrates is less ironical in his treatment of others, more down to earth, more amiable and maybe more imitable than Plato's Socrates. Xenophon and Plato disagree with this saying that Socrates did not accept any payment for his teaching, with his poverty acting as proof of this fact. Xenophon’s Socrates claims that if bird song can be prophetic, his inner voice can too; but this fails to convince since birds are merely a way of communication used by the gods, not prophets themselves. He is the author of Socratic Dialogues (Heb.) Was this, we can wonder, a form of low-level political activity on his part? Of the two authors, Plato's account is generally given more attention by scholars because he, unlike Xenophon, actually attended the one-day trial of Socrates in Athens in 399 B.C.E. Part of what makes his Apology so complex and gripping is that it is not a one-sided encomium that conceals the features of the Socratic way of life that lay behind the anxiety and resentment felt by many of his fellow citizens. Socrates - Socrates - Plato: Plato, unlike Xenophon, is generally regarded as a philosopher of the highest order of originality and depth.